Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect

Adham is a teacher. He works at a university. He teaches ENG102 in the spring. By the time he finishes teaching this spring, he will have taught 10 groups. He is going to have taught many students. Moreover, Ahmed must finish teaching before exams start. He is working hard and, at this rate, he will have finished teaching before they, exams, start. Adham and Ahmed will have worked many long hours by the time they finish teaching in this spring.


Today we are going to talk about the Future Perfect.
النهاردة هنتكلم عن المستقبل التام.

The Future Perfect refers to an action that will be completed in the future. When we use the Future Perfect, we are visualizing ourselves that we are in the future and looking back at an action that will be completed. Most of the time, we use this tense with a time expression.

 المستقبل التام بيشير لفعل هيكون حصل في المستقبل. لما بنستخدم المستقبل التام, بنكون بنتخيل نفسنا في المستقبل وبنبص على فعل هيكون حصل. غالبا بنستخدم الزمن دة مع تعبير زمني

Now let’s have an example from the text above.
تعالوا دلوقتي ناخد مثل من النص اللي فوق.

Example: “By the time he finishes teaching this spring, he will have taught 10 groups.”

This example shows that when Adham finishes teaching in this spring, he will have already taught 10 groups of classes.
المثل دة بيوضح ان لما أدهم يخلص تدريس في الربيع, هيكون خلاص أصلا درّس 10 مجموعات.


So, we have two actions that will take place in the future. Let’s say that X is “finishes teaching” and the green line is “will have already taught”, so when X happens, the other action will have already happened.

فإحنا عندنا فعلين هيحصلوا في المستقبل. تعالوا نقول مثلا ان
X
هو "يخلص تدريس" و الخط الأخضر هو "هيكون خلاص أصلا درّس" فلما ال
X
يحصل هيكون الفعل التاني حصل بالفعل.

Now let’s see how the Future Perfect is formed.
يلا دلوقتي نشوف المستقبل التام بيتكون ازاي.

Future Perfect has two different forms: "will have done" and "be going to have done." Future Perfect forms are usually interchangeable.

المستقبل التام له شكلين مختلفين غالبا قابلين للتبادل.
“Will have done” and “be going to have done”









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