Past Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous


Ahmed and Adham had been driving to work for almost an hour before they stopped. They had been driving down a dirty road when they heard a weird noise coming out of the car. Ahmed stopped the car, and both of them got out of it. Ahmed looked at the car. He knew there was a problem; the car had been going for more than 8 hours or so. The best thing was that he knew how to fix cars; he had been watching videos on Youtube about how to fix cars for 5 years before he bought his car.

Today’s lesson is going to be about the Past Perfect Continuous.
درس النهاردة هيكون عن الماضي التام المستمر.



When do we use it?
بنستخدمه امتى؟


We use the Past Perfect Continuous to talk about an action or situation that was in progress before another action or situation in the past. Most of the time, we include a duration such as “for an hour”, “for three months”, or “for one year”. Moreover, we use the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past to show cause and effect.
بنستخدم زمن الماضي التام المستمر عشان نتكلم عن فعل أو موقف كان مستمر قبل فعل أو موقف تاني في الماضي. غالبا, بنحط مدة للفعل. كمان بنستخدم الماضي التام المستمر قبل فعل تاني في الماضي عشان نبين السبب لحاجة معينة.



Let us have examples from the story above.
تعالوا ناخد أمثلة من القصة اللي فوق.

Example 1: Ahmed and Adham had been driving to work for almost an hour before they stopped.

Here we have two actions, driving and stopping, and one of them was in progress, for almost an hour, before the other one. That is why the Past Perfect Continuous was used here.

هنا عندنا فعلين, السواقة والتوقف, وواحد فيهم كان مستمر لمدة حوالي ساعة قبل الفعل التاني ما يحصل. عشان كدة استخدمنا هنا زمن الماضي التام المستمر


Example 2: He knew there was a problem; the car had been going for more than 8 hours or so.

The Past Perfect Continuous was used here to show that because the car had been going for more than 8 hours or so, there was a problem; therefore, we used the Past Perfect Continuous in this case to show cause and effect.

استخدمنا هنا زمن الماضي التام المستمر عشان نبين ان العربية كان فيها مشكلة عشان كان بقالها حوالي أكتر من 8 ساعات ماشية. فاستخدمنا الماضي التام المستمر في الحالة دي عشان نوضح السبب والنتيجة.

Now let us see how the Past Perfect Continuous is formed.
تعالوا دلوقتي نشوف إزاي بنكون الماضي التام المستمر.




Now take the quiz from here. ;)
دلوقتي بقى خد الكويز من هنا.



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